Assalamualaikum QOI readers, today I’m going to focus on the meaning behind Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun ( it can be broken down into 3 parts – inalilahi wainalilahi rojiun).
On top of that, I hope to compile a good library of Islamic Condolence Messages which we, as Muslims, can use for easy reference in the future.
What is the meaning of Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun?
When a Muslim passes away, we would usually hear a Muslim says to another Muslim Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun which is the Rumi writings for ‘We surely belong to Allah and to Him we shall return’.
However, it is not only related to just death per se, but it can also be said when someone experiences a tragedy in life, loses something, suffer a setback or harm.
But let’s go back to the English transliteration.
We surely belong to Allah and to Him we shall return.
What does it mean by ‘we surely belong to Allah’?
This, in fact, goes deeper in our understanding of our existence here on Earth. Whatever that we own right now, or what we think we own, is in fact, not ours but His. From the house that we’re sheltered in, to the car that moves you around, to the wife that you’re happily married to, to your children that you’ve nurtured, to the intellect that helps to ace your exams, to the wisdom that guides you up the corporate ladder, to your eyes that brings you the vision…
are all His. The Creator and Owner of them all.
In the Holy Quran, there are numerous Hadiths that explains this. As narrated in Surah Al-Imraan, Verse 180:
And to Allah belongs the inheritance of the heavens and the earth.
In Surah Al-Ma’ida, verse 120:
The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything in them belongs to Allah. He has power over all things.
and also in Surah al-Baqarah, verse 142:
To Allah belongs the East and the West.
What To Say When Someone Dies In Islam?
The best way to do this is to start off with ‘Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun…’ followed by the condolence message.
As a rule of thumb, I personally feel the message would be ideal to focus on these 4 things:
1. That all of us belong to Allah SWT (say “Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun”)
2. May the family will be given strength and courage by Allah SWT to overcome this and/or
3. Pray the sins are forgiven for the deceased and he/she is in a better place
4. End off with Surah Al-Fatihah
So here is an example:
Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun. May Allah s.w.t. grant him/her Jannatul-Firdaus and forgive his/her sins. May He make his/her grave a place of comfort and light. Al-Fatihah.
It’s best to keep it concise yet meaningful and assuring to the person in grieve.
How did Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) sent his Dua and condolences?
As narrated by Sahih Muslim, Rasulullah s.a.w. recited this to Ummu Salamah r.a. at the death of her husband:
الّلهمَّ اغْفِرْ لأَبِى سَلَمَةَ وَارْفعْ دَرَجَتَهُ فِى الْمَهْدِيِّينَ وَاخْلُفْهُ فِى عَقِبِهِ فِى الْغَابِرِيْنَ وَاغْفَرْلَنَا وَلَهُ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ وَافْسَحْ لَهُ فِى قَبْرِهِ وَنَوَّرْ لَهُ فِيهِ
“O Allah! Forgive Abu Salamah, elevate his status among the guided people and look after the family that he left behind. O Lord of the universe! Forgive us and him, comfort him in his grave and lighten his stay (in the grave).” [Sahih Muslim]
Rasulullah s.a.w. put across his Dua with the intention of lightening the effect of the calamity and seek forgiveness for everyone, and especially for the deceased. By mentioning the reward of patience over the calamity, the transitory nature of life on earth and that the hereafter is an everlasting abode, it also helps to reassure the person in grieve to feel calmer – knowing that Allah SWT is with them.
Frequently Said Islamic Condolence Phrases
There are a couple of phrases, besides Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun, which you can use to send condolences:
- Al baqiya fi hayatak – or Al baqiya fi hayatek if you’re talking to a female
- Rabena yesabarkom – which means “May God give you patience.”
- Allah yerhamo – or, if the deceased is female, Allah yerhamha which means “May God have mercy on his/her soul
A List of Islamic Condolence Messages
1. May Allah s.w.t. grant you and your family sabr (sabar) in this difficult time, and reward you with Khair both in this world and the next. Ameen.
2. May Allah s.w.t. grant him/her Jannatul-Firdaus and forgive his/her sins. May He make his/her grave a place of comfort and light. Ameen.
3. May Allah s.w.t. enhance your recompense and be generous in your calamity and forgive the deceased and induce you with patience and multiply for us and for you recompense through patience. Ameen.
4. It is Allah’s that takes and it is He that gives, and He prescribes a certain destiny for every matter.
5. May Almighty Allah dwell him in Jannataul-Firdaus, the most beautiful paradise.
6. May Allah s.w.t. in his mercy, grant him rest, may his grave be a part of Jannatul Firdaus and an abode of light. May Allah make him pass successfully in all the stages of the life after death. Ameen.
7. May Allah expand his grave , illuminate it and grant him wonderful and blessed companions in the grave. Ameen.
8. May Allah s.w.t. grant him light in the grave, expand his grave for him, and grant him Al Jannatul Firdaus. I pray for the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Rasul, His forgiveness for all believing men and women, and may He grant you the fortitude to bear the loss. Ameen.
9. My sincere condolence. Please take heart. May Allah s.w.t. gives you and your family the fortitude to bear the loss. Al-Fatihah.
10. May Allah forgive all his sins and count him among the ones to follow Prophet Mohammed to Al-jannah Firdaus. Ameen.
11. Kullu nafsin zaa’ikatul maut, Allahu akbar, my deepest condolence brother, may Allah grant him Jannah and forgive him his sins. Ameen.
Islamic Condolences Message
(Representing An Organization)
12. Innalillahiwainnailaihirojiun. It is with heavy hearts that I, on behalf of [name of organization], send our condolences to one of our own own, [someone in grieve], over the death, few days ago, of his loving dad/mum [the deceased]. We pray Allah s.w.t forgive his shortcomings and admit him into Al-Jannah Firdaus. Our heart goes to you, our brother/sister. We believe you will find your strength in Allah in this trying period.